Work: Romanze op. 27
Composer: Otto Erbe
Interpreter: Johannes Shubert (cítara)
Source: Audio originally published by the Johannes Schubert Youtube Channel, titled “Zither Solo – Johannes Schubert spielt Otto Erbes Romanze in A-Dur”.
The instrument is made of wood and has a trapezoidal shape. The soundboard is decorated with drawings showing three couples and it has an oval opening. On the side there is a neck with 29 frets and five tuning pegs (near those there are five metal screws that help tying the strings). On the upper end of the instrument there are twenty seven iron pegs. The instrument has a bridge made of darker wood. The strings pass through the soundboard and are tied to small metallic screws at the bottom. On the bottom there are three small feet. Five melodic strings pass through the neck, with the following tuning: A3, A3, D3, G2, C2. Through the resonance box, there are twenty seven free strings, with the following tuning: Eb3, Bb3, F3, C3, G2, D3, A2, E3, B2, F#2, C#3, G#2 (accompanying strings), Eb2, Bb1, F2, C2, G1, D2, A1, E2, B1, F#1, C#2, G#1 (bass strings), F1, E1, Eb1 (double bass strings). During the performance, the musician’s left hand does the strumming while the right hand has a double function: the thumb plucks the strings with a plectrum, and the remaining fingers do the accompaniment on the open strings. The Museum’s specimen has cracks on the neck.
The term sitar is used to name any chordophone having strained strings over the body of the instrument. Normally the body is the resonance box itself and the strings are strained over it, passing above the bridge. Sitars can be pinched, strummed or played with a bow, or with air (as in the aeolic harps). They can be found in various places, especially in Europe, Asia and Africa, with a wide variety of shapes, from the simpler to the most refined. They can be classified according to the shape, techniques of construction, and techniques of execution: sunken body sitar, sitar shaped by a thin and long piece of wood, stretched and long body sitar, tube shaped sitar, flat box sitar or resonance box sitar. The Museum’s specimen is a resonance box sitar, original from the Bohemian region, presently belonging to the Czech Republic, formerly belonging to Austria (the resonance box sitar is common in Austria and in the south of Germany); it was developed in the 19th century and it is used both as a solo instrument and in music ensembles.
BASE MINERVA, 2014.
BETHENCOURT; BORDAS; CANO; CARVAJAL; SOUZA; DIAS; LUENGO; PALACIUS; PIQUER, ROCHA, RODRIGUEZ; RUBIALES; RUIZ, 2012.
CÍTARA BRASIL, 2014.
MUSEU DA MUSICA PT, 2014.