Source: Demonstrative audio sample from the Musik & Teatermuseet, available at MIMO’s website (2014).
Work: Not provided
Composer: Not provided
Interpreters: Yshai Afterman
Source: Video originally published by the Yshai Afterman Youtube Channel, titled “Yshai Afterman live Riqq Solo – A 9 beat cycle demonstration”.
The instrument has a wooden body with a membrane made of skin on the upper part. There are five pairs with ten brass disks (called jingles). The instrument’s body is decorated by squares and triangles pearl colored. The sounds produced by the instrument have undetermined pitch. To play, the musician uses the fingers, making the jingles sound. The fingers of the right or governing hand play most part of the rhythms, whilst the other hand holds the instrument and plays light moves that make the jingles sound. During the restoration work undergone in 2013, a blue tape was used to hold the membrane.
Adufe from Egypt. Contains wooden rim, and the membrane can be made of sturgeon’s or goat’s skin, although there are Western versions made of synthetic material. It presents a rather diverse melodic percussive demanding a great degree of virtuosity from its interpreters. Played with fingers, using the timber intonation of “jingles” (metallic discs placed along the rim in pairs). These beat onto one another, due to the articulation’s impulses, and produce the sound that characterizes the riqq. The classification “idiophone” comes from the jingles (also known as batinelas, platinelas or timbers). The distinction given to this intonation is common, when produced with combination with fingers or even by “solo jingles”. The Museum has two riqq specimens: one has a brown rim, ornate with pearl squares and triangles; another, with a painted rim inside and out, receiving colorful decorations in a red background, as well as a blue painted membrane, with Arab characteristics.
Text written by Pedro Sá, percussion professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).
BASE MINERVA, 2014.
BETHENCOURT; BORDAS; CANO; CARVAJAL; SOUZA; DIAS; LUENGO; PALACIUS; PIQUER, ROCHA, RODRIGUEZ; RUBIALES; RUIZ, 2012.
PEDRO SÁ, 2014.