Instruments: Mandolin and guitar
Work: Not provided
Composer: Not provided
Interpreters: Antonio Calsoralo (mandolin), Francesco Polito (guitar)
Source: Video originally published by the 235binelli Youtube Channel, titled “Tarantella Napoletana – Italian Mandolin music by Antonio Calsolar”.
Modern Neapolitan mandolin, however, the arm of the instrument corresponds to the modern Roman mandolin. The top is made of European pine wood, and the acoustic box of fir wood and it has a convex bottom. The pegs are original. It has no straps, but it has a wooden bridge. There are mother of pearl ornaments around the sound hole. There are four sets of strings tuned in Gl2-D3-A3- and E4. The strings are picked with a plectrum.
The mandolin derives from the Italian mandola and the French mandore, equivalent instruments of the 16th century. These instruments were bigger with six to eight string orders, that is, six to eight pairs of strings, although there were smaller mandolas in Italy and in Germany, with four or five pairs of strings. Italians started to call the mandola a mandolino and the instrument became very popular between the 17th and 18th centuries. In the 19th century, the Monzino luthier family from Milan made various structural modifications in the mandolino, reinforcing the body and making it bigger. In the 19th Century the Vinaccia family continued the changes started by the Monzinos, and built the modern mandolin, or Neapolitan mandolin, with four pairs of strings, deep body, decorated soundboard, tuned like the violin G2-D3-A3-E4, and strings picked by a plectrum. In the 20th century, the family of modern mandolins of straight bottom continued to be rather popular, used in jazz, bluegrass, and popular Irish music. In Brazil, the instrument is part of ensembles that play the choro, musical genre original from Rio de Janeiro at the beginning of the 19th century and still very popular.
Text written in collaboration with Professor Paulo Sá of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).
BETHENCOURT; BORDAS; CANO; CARVAJAL; SOUZA; DIAS; LUENGO; PALACIUS; PIQUER, ROCHA, RODRIGUEZ; RUBIALES; RUIZ, 2012.
PAULO SÁ, 2014.