Source: Demonstrative audio sample from the Musik & Teatermuseet, available at MIMO’s website (2014).
Work: Not provided
Composer: Not provided
Interpreter: Not provided
Source: Video originally published by the hakan kaya Youtube Channel, titled “Sonika Percussion Mid-bass clay darbuka”.
The instrument is a type of drum with a membrane made of skin on the upper part. The instrument has a cup shaped shell made of clay. The membrane is tied to the shell by a sort of glue. The sounds produced by the instrument have undetermined pitch. In order to play, the musician places the drum below one of the arms and plays directly with bare hands, using the fingers.
Arab drum with a single membrane and goblet shaped rim, that can be made of clay, wood or metal, although there are Western versions made of fiberglass. There is no rigidity in size regarding the construction of the instrument, which results in different membrane diameters, labeled small, medium and large. At the Delgado de Carvalho Museum there are three specimens: a wooden darabukka and two clay instruments: one small and another one large. It may or may not be tuned by strings. The authentic darabukka is made of goat or sheep skin. In order to play, the musician places the drum below one of his arms and plays directly with his bare hands, without sticks, using the fingers, resulting in timbre intonations – that form a melodic percussive – which in turn receive the following denominations: loose sound, trapped sound, and pop, and also by pressure of the hands over the membrane, which turns into micro variations of pitch. Hector Berlioz wrote for this instrument in his lyric tragedy “Les Troyens”, from 1858.
Text written by Professor Pedro Sá, percussion professor at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).
BASE MINERVA, 2014.
BETHENCOURT; BORDAS; CANO; CARVAJAL; SOUZA; DIAS; LUENGO; PALACIUS; PIQUER, ROCHA, RODRIGUEZ; RUBIALES; RUIZ, 2012.
PEDRO SÁ, 2014